LMIA

Superior Immigration & Education Services

Labour Market Impact Assessment

A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker.

A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. It will also show that no Canadian worker is available to do the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a confirmation letter.


If the employer needs an LMIA, they must apply for one.
Once an employer gets the LMIA, the worker can apply for a work permit.
To apply for a work permit, a worker needs:
a job offer letter,
a contract,
a copy of the LMIA, and
the LMIA number.

An open work permit is a work permit that is not job-specific. Because it is not job-specific, you will not need the following when you apply for your work permit:

  • a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada; or
  • proof that an employer has submitted an offer of employment through the Employer Portal and paid the employer compliance fee.

In most cases, you will have to pay the open work permit holder fee at the same time that you pay the work permit fee. Check the fee list for the most up-to-date application fees.

Some conditions will be written directly on your work permit.

These may include:

the type of work you can do,
the employer you can work for,
where you can work, or
how long you can work.
Regulation 185 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations lists all the conditions that may be put on your work permit.

There are also standard conditions that apply to all work permit holders. Even if you have no specific conditions on your work permit, you still must:

not work for an employer in a business where there are reasonable grounds to suspect a risk of sexual exploitation of some workers, specifically:
strip clubs,
massage parlours, and
escort agencies,
leave Canada at the end of your authorized stay.